Religion in Atlantis and the successing States

by Karl Juergen Hepke

One of the most interesting information from the "library of Ugarit" is that about the religion of the Kanaaneans, for this is until today the only written source for a religion, which is probably near to that of Atlantis. On the other side one can notice that, except some differences, the heaven of gods of Kanaan is nearly similar to that of the old Sumereans. If this is based on the fact, that Kanaan has took over the heaven of Sumer, or if the old Atlantean heaven was similar since the beginning, for both cultures were fed by the same extraterrestrial source, is still heavy to say.

For both are very old cultures of the beginning, which developed parallel, one can suppose, that they had a world of gods of their own, but similar since its origin. To make clearer the just said are compared in the following the gods of Kanaan with the gods of
Sumer.

At the top of the Kanaanean and Phoenicean Pantheon is the god "EL". Only the Kanaaneans are calling their main god simply "EL", that means "God". Certainly this has contributed to the development of the term of "God" in the Old Testament. EL is the king and the master of all gods , creator of the universe and of highest wisdom. He is also called "Beth El", what means "House of El"(7). He is never portrayed, for that is impossible for men.
Sumer knows at this place the god "AN". He corresponds in the essential part to the description of "EL".

 
Behind "EL" comes "Baal". The name means only "Sir" and he is in Kanaan the Libanean mountain and weather god "Hadad". (7) This god is mostly portrayed as strong, bearded man , brandishing a flash of lightning or a club of stone. The bull is his symbol, what shows the Atlantean origin. At a Phoenicean stele he stands on the back of a bull

This god appears in many adaptations. As "Adad" in
Mesopotamia, as Hittitic god of weather "Teshub" and as "Baal Hadad" in Phoenicia . In Palestine he is called "Baal Saphon", "Baal of the North". He is portrayed as warrior with helmet with horns and a flash in his hand. Baal is the god of the extreme, the destroying thunderstorm and the fertilizing rain.(7)

Sumer knows here the god "Enlil", who is god of the air and has power to nominate or remove the kings of Sumer. Like Baal he intervenes as master in the events on earth and is with that probably originally no god, but an extraterrestrial "bringer of culture", who was later called "god". This thought is confirmed by the fact, that to him is assigned a town as to all gods coming behind "AN". For Enlil this town is Nippur.

Alyan Baal, who is later on taken for the son of Baal Hadad, was in origin probably the older god. He is guardian of sources and wells and the at times flowing rivers. He lets grew the grain but can also cause flooding. His home "Zebul" was initially in the depth of earth. He is also god of the sea. (7). With that he is comparable to "Poseidon" of Greece, who was after Platon the founder, progenitor and town-god of Atlantis. Here he was called Thar or Tyr. In the Westatlantean area of France and Germany he appears later as Bel or Belen.

Sumer knows at this place "Enki" with nearly similar qualities. He is here foundation-god of Eridu , which is taken for the oldest town of Sumerean settling in Mesopotamia. He can have been like Enlil an extraterrestrial bringer of culture. In Sumer he has a share in the creation of cultural interested men. As expert for underground water and living spaces he came possibly from a planet with mainly underground life. (Perhaps the Mars (D). )

The astonishing is, that here are amazing parallels between gods and circumstances of foundation of towns in the culture of Sumer and Atlantis. Both were situated in the neighbourhood of the sea in fertile flood plains and both developed from origin with a high level of knowledge and culture. Both were preceded by other sunken cultures. Atlantis II by the culture of Atlantis I , Sumer by the Indus culture. Also the time of foundation can be taken as identical. Both had also a peaceful basic setting, what lets them appear in the eyes of a peaceless posterity as cultures of a "Golden Age".

But further to the world of gods of the Kanaaneans. The sister, sometimes also the sweetheart of Alyan is Anath, the warring virgin, probably a manifestation of Astarte and mixed with her in the late time under the name "Atargatis". In Karthago she was later on called "Tanit" and in Greece "Athene".

Astarte corresponds as goddess of fertility and love with the Babylonean Ishtar and the Sumerean Inanna. As in
Babylon she had high reputation in Phoenicia. In her service was carried out in both areas the ritual prostitution of women and female and male slaves of her temple.

The magic of fertility of prehistoric times, possibly some of old hermaphroditic ideas was still living in this customs. The principle of fertility was worshiped in female and male form. Initially it was possibly taken for a hermaphroditic god, in whom the cosmologic terms "female" and "male" were unified in only one, who could father by its own. The oldest gods of the Egyptian and many other religions of the early time of Near Asia are often hermaphroditic.(7)

In
Sumer is Inanna, beside the already mentioned functions, the goddess, who had brought the "ME" to men . These are the abilities, which were originally reserved to the "Gods", that means the Extraterrestrials. One can understand this in figurative sense that she has as goddess of fertility and love decisively contributed to the transfer of gene and with that of intellectual qualities from extraterrestrials through human women to earth. And that, following old Sumerean myths, more than intended. The town of Inanna is Uruk.

The enemy and opposite of Baal and Alyan Baal is "Mot", or, as he is later called "Molk". As Baal and his son represents the power of vegetation in the rainy season of winter, the life giving water of the sources and the vegetation in spring, is Mot, who rules over the dried out earth , the personification of summer and harvest. (7) He rules over the kingdom of death.

In Sumer has the reign over the kingdom of death the sister of Inanna, Ereschkigal. This can mean in figurative sense that the domain of Inanna, love, fathering and birth was seen as sister of death, the domain of Ereschkigal.
Death was in
Sumer and Mesopotamia, caused by the permanent warring quarrels, in which also the not fighting population was indiscriminately and without consideration beat to death, something belonging to life. Rarely men got old and lived in consciousness of their quick rebirth after their early death.

After results of digging up in Bahrein, the "Dilmun" of the Sumerians and precursor of the Sumerian settlement at the mainland, men reached very seldom an age beyond 40 years.(12) This astonishing fact explains probably an other relation to death and with that to the world of gods as in the Atlantean area, where men , after corresponding results of digging up, lived normally longer.

In the further heaven of gods of both cultures we find the nature-gods of sun, in Kanaan-Atlantis Shamash, in Sumer Utu, and of moon, in Kanaan-Atlantis Nikal in Sumer Nanna.

Sumer, with its lot of wars, knows beside that a number of gods of war as Ninurta of Nippur, Zababa of Kisch and Ningursan of Lagasch. Beside that there is a multitude of town-gods in both cultures. Remarkable is in the area of Kanaan-Atlantis the figure of a divine engineer, smith and master-builder with the name Usoos. He was as extraterrestrial bringer of culture possibly responsible for the transfer of technical knowledge, which marked especially the culture of Atlantis.

The religious poetries of Ugarit were probably quoted at ritual ceremonies , possibly even performed. One of it, a myth of creation, is without doubt a drama with musical accompaniment (7). It was probably performed at the end of a cycle of seven years, which at the Kanaaneans as at the Hebrews plaid a big role. The act is often interrupted by the acclamation of gods.

A similar subject ,as part of the cult of agriculture, is treated in the epic of Daniel. Another poetry sings about the wedding of the goddess of moon, Nikal.(7) The Kanaanean gods and myths, handed down through the documents of Ugarit for the second millenium B.C. , show, as said, clearly a similarity with Mesopotamia and North-Syria and are also containing a system of magic rites to influence the as animated felt nature.

The texts of Ugarit have very much enriched the knowledge of the mental background of the Kanaanean and with that of the Atlantean world. We know now from authentic old source more about the world of gods and the life of men in that time.

 

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Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our Culture         By Karl Juergen Hepke

Or as a book in German language:

 

DIE GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
by Karl Juergen Hepke
TRIGA - DER VERLAG, D 63584 Gruendau-Rothenbergen, Germany, 2nd Edition, Hardcover, 268 Pages, EUR 22,00, ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1 ,

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