The Flourishing Time of the Atlantic
Empire in Middle
the Bronze Age(18,30a)
by Karl Juergen Hepke
The Bronze Age began in the area between Alpes and North Sea about 2300 B.C. First traces of arms and devices or jewels from the new alloy of tin and copper are found at the upper and middle Elbe and in the South of Germany. In these areas there had been extraction and processing of copper since the younger Neotithic and so it gave the precondition for progressive metal working. From where the knowledge came, that by addition of 10% tin to the copper melt the workability and quality of the product was considerably improved, is still open. For the area of western Europe it could be been created in the peninsula of Iberia, for here existed well workable deposits of copper and tin which were connected by water ways, and a progressive knowledge of metal extraction from ore had a longer tradition by procession of silver, copper and gold.
The knowledge of bronze production could have reached the Elbe by the way along Atlantic, North Sea with the Beaker People, known from the last period of the younger Neolithic, who obviously practiced far reaching trade. For the area of South Germany the knowledge came probably by the way Aegaeis, Troy, Black Sea, Danube. Also this was a way for the spreading of knowledge and culture known since the Neolithic. If the knowledge came to the Aegaeis over Crete from the West, Iberia, or from the East, the Iranian moutains directly to Troy , could be clarified by examination of the first products of bronze, if they are capable.
Until now is only known, that the first products of copper with better quality fom the Iranian area were alloyed with arsen, that was a natural component of the ore found here. Also iron was a component of this ore but was unwelcome at that time end ended in slag. Tin deposits were , as in Iberia ,also in Iran and with that the conditions for the production of tin bronze were given.
The first bronze culture of middle Europe known as " culture of Unetice" at the upper and middle Elbe, is dated at the time of 2300 until 1500 BC. It has developped from the culture of the Beaker People , living here and practising copper working.Tin and copper came from the Erzgebirge and the oldest devices made from it were found in Unetice in Moravia near Prague and published in 1910. This publishing gave the name to the culture.
From the examination of numerous fields of burials in middle Germany is much known of the here living "Unetices". As successors of the Beaker People they were relatively large. Man had in the middle 1,71 m and in maximum 1,78 m.The largest woman reched 1,66 m. Th skulls of a group, living at Soemmerda in Thuringia was unusually long, very slim and extremely high. The chin was higher than that of now living people. Men got no long age, the average age of death was for man 37 years for woman 35,5 years. Only 17,4 % of man got older than 40 years , woman only 4,3 %.
The Unetices wore cloth fom woven material. Pointing outs to looms and printings of woven material on rings of bronze were found. The typical needle of cloth was the "cyprian bow needle" known fom Cypria and Egypt. The needles are taken for home product, but are a pointing out to far reaching culturel relations in the Atlantean Empire.
Rich depot finds were also made in the region of Halle/Saale. One think that this is due to the there produced salt. Salt was possibly paid with bronce as a kind of "money".The finds in this depots reached a metal weight until 100 kg. Also the burials were here richly furnished with gifts from bronze . In spite of the richly existant bronze were used still the tools from stone, bones and antlers, known from the Neolithic.
A completely new form of possibly only for the rite
used arms, were triangled so called "rod daggers", which were called
in South Germany also "Atlantic Daggers" .They had a long rod of
wood, at which was fastened a "dagger" in right angle, consisting in
a sharp triangle with a rip in the middle, as an axe. At pictures on rocks and
Further proves for over big distances wide reaching culturel relations are the reproduction of a "Vaphio" beaker fom the Mycenean culture, found at Halberstadt in Saxony, a Mycenean cup, found near Celle in Lower Saxony and blue and green perls of fayance , also from the region of Mycene. As a counter move, amber from
From the richly found golden jewels in the "Graves of Princes" in
In the late time of the culture, when the wealth of the princes had increased considerably, were constructed burial huts from worked out tree-trunks and planks of oak for them. A grave, found in Soemmerda in
Similar to the Unetices was the development in other groups of culture in this time. The bronze age began only later here and there was not reached such wealth. These groups were mainly farmers and cattle breeder, who , not being metal producers, put their attention to the production of ceramics and worked out tools of stone. Devices of bronze were at first imported from the Unetices, later on there was own metal working with acquired bars of bronze or self produced bronze.
The middel bronze time is traditionally reckoned from 1600 until 1300 BC. On the basis of knowledge of today ,it should be extended until1250 BC, since the late bronze time, which has another character, is more clearly to recognise.
Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our Culture By Karl Juergen Hepke
Or as a book in German language:
GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
von Karl Juergen Hepke
TRIGA-DER VERLAG, 2.Aufl. 2008, Hardcover, 268 Seiten, Eur 22,00 , ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1