Dolmen for the Dead, Menhirs for the Living (14,15b)

 

The abiding megalithic tracks of the Atlanteans in Europe, Africa and Asia.

by Karl Juergen Hepke

For progressive archaeologists of Europe and Asia there is nearly no doubt at the existence of a civilized nation which since nearly 4000 B.C. buried in western Europe and later on in the Near East and in Asia their dead in especially lavish graves. Extravagant and conspicuous were these graves by being built with very big stones, the weight of which was until 200 tons, and could not be destroyed by a little, not organized group of men for whom no strong technic was available.

The intruder could advance to the burial chamber and rob it, what happened often, but the construction of the grave rested till the time of today. For the grave robbers searched especially for metal objects, which had the biggest value for them, they overlooked all other, so that even robbed graves are a place of rich finds for the archaeologist of today. In not robbed graves he finds often good worked out arms of stone, bronze or iron, decor pieces made of bone, stone, shells, amber, bronze, copper or iron. With that mostly a big number of ceramic fragments , which can be reconstructed to the former receptacles and when the grave was constructed on chalky soil, also the skeletons of the there buried,

The dating of these graves is today no problem thanks of the advanced methods of age determination with radiocarbon and thermoluminescence and brings at least scientific clarity opposite to the old method of comparing age determination. This was often the reason for many depending wrong age determinations which go around until now in scientific literatur and gives reason for many question marks for older statements of age.

For only since 1950 was given the precondition to examine the graves of the megalithic culture nearly incontestable, thanks of the new methods and to utilize the results and document them. But because these methods are scientifically extravagant and expensive, new research using these methods is only made in countries where sufficient money is available for it.

At the first place we find here the name of
France which possesses a big number of megalithic monuments and spends much energy in the research of it. Also Great- Britain, which as described before, is researched since a long time by amateurs, has had since 1960 scientific examinations with new methods. Denmark has researched since a long time the respected graves of its ancestors. In the time of the German Democratic Republic were researched and documented properly all megalithic graves in Mecklenburg as part of the beginning of the culture of farmers in the Neolithic Age. But dating with the method of radiocarbon were scarcely documented.

Similar it looks in the area of the old Federal Republic of Germany. In Niedersachsen, where you find the biggest part of megalithic monuments, was created in 1975 a "Atlas of Megalithic Graves" which like other archaeological literatur of this area found no international publishing and is for example not known by French experts.

Much more worse it looks in Spain and Portugal. Since nearly 1950 there are efforts in some regions for a stocktaking of megalithic monuments without reaching a completeness until now. Therefore it exists still the danger of destruction by road building and other construction work, because there is no protection of it. Cause of change of population there is no inner relation to these monuments in big parts of the country, like in Andalusia.

To protect this European inheritance of culture, searching for it has to happen in European bounds. For the roots of the megalithic culture are supposed in South-Iberia and this is valid with big safety for the European culture of bell-formed receptacles and the following West-European Age of Bronze there should be an eminent interest in the West-European countries to protect the here still available cultural asset.

Examination and comparison of megalithic constructions has shown, that certain forms and orders of buildings are similar in many regions and countries. The same is valid for ceramics and metal objects. You can conclude with that with big probability, that an active exchange of ideas and goods happened between separate regions, which had often the character of an island in a sphere of other or more primitive culture.

Therefore it is not absurd to speak about an "empire" namely the "Atlantian", that supported tight cultural, economic and probably also military and with that political relationships.

The contacts between the separate parts of this empire - the islands , how they were called by the Egyptians - happened by the water, the sea or rivers. Scientific proven is today over that, that the introduction of farming took place in almost the same time as the construction of the megalithic monuments.

For Denmark this was the time about 4200 B.C. and the first dolmens were built in the middle of the 4th. millenium.(14) In England was the simple dolmen Nr. 7 of Carrowmore in the county Sligo dated for 3290 with Carbon 14. The dating of the most simple dolmen at the French coast of the Atlantic gave the result of 4600 B.C. At 4000 B.C. there were here several extravagant built forms of grave monuments in which were buried one after another until 200 persons. Ceramic that was found in the dolmen of 4600 B.C. was high developed, with round bottom, good quality and nearly no pattern. (14)

About 3000 B.C. existed here the first object of copper of Mediterranean origin.(14) About 2700 appeared the first bell-formed ceramic and since 4000 B.C. were placed here the first big fields surrounded by interrupted ditches. From Spain and Portugal is known dating of construction of big megalithic monuments at 3300 B.C. until 1800 B.C. This last dating is not secured by radiocarbon and may be too young, for generally it is observed, that since 2000 B.C. the construction of new megalithic monuments stopped and there were only burials in already existing ones.(14)

With that you can conclude that the main interest of the Atlantian Empire and its leading circles shifted to the Mediterranean area at this time, what is proven by historical known activities in the area of Kanaan and Syria and later on in Egypt (Hyksos).

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Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our Culture          By Karl Juergen Hepke

Or as a book in German language:

 

DIE GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
by Karl Juergen Hepke
TRIGA-DER VERLAG, D 63584 Gruendau-Rothenbergen, Germany, 2nd Edition, Hardcover, 268 Pages, EUR 22,00, ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1 ,

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