Forms of Life in Atlantis and the States of Succession (7,23,41)
by Karl Juergen Hepke
What we know about the political
organisation, the laws, the customs and the form of life in the origin state of
Atlantis, is nearly without exception handed down by Platon and Homer. Platon
got his knowledge indirectly through
The state of Atlantis had a structuring similar a confederation. It was ruled by ten kings, from which that, which resided in the initial seat, had the supremacy. Each king had an exactly defined area, in which he had absolut power. That means, that he could in his area punish or condemn to death whom he liked. The mutual rights of the kings and the common relationships were regulated by the god of foundation Poseidon and were written on a stele of gold-copper-ore, standing in the initial seat.
help, to find a just verdict. For that in the holy district of Poseidon some bulls were set free and after a common prayer to Poseidon hunted by the ten kings, only armed with truncheons and loops, which was certainly not without danger.
Obviously Poseidon should get by this the opportunity
to act by means of the bull directly against the king and carry out the
judgement as almost "trial by ordeal".
Was the bull than caught, he was sacrificed at the stele so, that the blood flew over the text of the laws and a formula of vow, which cursed them, who did not keep these laws. The bull was than cut up and all his limbs consecrated and given to the fire.
Only ten drops of clotted blood, one for each king, were given in a filled jug. Than the stele was cleaned from blood. With golden dishes a donation was scooped from the jug by each king and poured into the fire, while the vow was renewed, to hold only court after the laws, written at the stele, to punish infringements of rights and to violate with intention none of the written points. Their rule should follow in future strictly the regulations of the progenitor.
After this vow, each king drunk himself and put than
the dish as sacrifice in the shrine of the god. After that, he went to the meal
and than to his urgent business.
When night arrived, all met again, dressed with wonderful dark blue robes, at the place of the fire of sacrifice, sat down on earth and after all other fires were extinguished and only the stars shined above them, they were judged ore judged themselves if one of them had made an infringement of right. When they had done their judgement, it was written, when day arrived, on a golden board and given to the temple with the robes.
Besides that, what was word-for-word told in the
chapter " Platon´s report of
Atlantis" , this is all, what we hear from Platon about customs
and forms of life in Atlantis. This is understandable, for he could not speak
from own experience or knowledge but had his knowledge only by reports from
To hear more about these things we must take a source, which is certainly not so vouched as the report of Platon. It is the description of "Scheria" in the "Odyssee" of Homer. Homer based in The "Odyssee", as in the "Ilias", the history of the trojanic war, on old stories, which were still alive at Greek people from the time of the Achaeens. Although they were not written, because the art of writing had been lost in the meantime, they based directly on experiences with the life in Atlantis/Tharsis, which got the name "Scheria" at Homer. "Scheria" does not mean other than "market" in Phoenician language.
As we have seen in the proceeding, Tharsis was as the oldest town of the area than known, from tradition only called "The Port",or "The Town", or "The Market" for other comparable, with which it could be mixed up, was not existing in the time of beginning. This term staid by tradition when other towns and markets had grown up. But these were called by their name, to avoid mixing up.
Homer used the stories about the life in Tharsis as
scenery for the report about the stay of Odysseus in "Scheria" in the
country of the "Phaeaks". With that he gave to the old
"Phoeniks" as called the Greek the Phoenicians, a from him invented
artificial name. After Homer the "Phaeaks" were people loving rowing,
famous in seafaring and had unusual maritime names as
They used ships, that had usually no sails but 52 rowers and their ships were with that fast as "wings and thoughts".
After Homer they made a tremendous reception for Odysseus. To honour him they organized banquets, sporting competitions and produced acrobatic dances. The idea, that anybody could come to them in enemy intention was completely strange to them, what sounds in the words of Homer like this:
There is not born
the man until now and may never live
who comes here into the
For much beloved we are by the gods.
The kinds of sport shown to Odysseus are: Running, wrestling, long-jump, long-throw and boxing as kinds of sport also good for a fighter, what shows, that they were also practising for that.
For relaxation follows a comedy, also known in
This shows the relative tolerant taking by the Scherians of offences, which are elsewhere punished with death or have the consequence of disbanding the marriage.
Odysseus is so pleased by the performance, that he praises loud the ability of the Phaeakeen artists, what pleases so again the king, that he lets hand over a sword as gift to the guest. While following the blind singer of the kings court is reporting after the wish of Odysseus about the life of the Achaeens, the Trojanic war and the sinking of Troja, Odysseus is spoiled at the guest meal. Finally the king asks him, to say his name. But when this happens, there is no visible negative reaction at the Phaeaks.
The king is only loosing himself in the profound contemplation, that the Phaeaks are predicted to sinking, because they treated and guided all strangers so friendly.
The following day, Odysseus has to wait till the
beginning of the night for the departure of the ship, which shall bring him
back to Ithaka. Odysseus sinks in deep sleep from which he awakes, when he
finds himself at the
Here Homer points at the first time to the later by the Atlantians and their successors the Phoenicians practised method of the strict secrecy of the routes to Atlantis and lets it finish later with the order of the king to guide never again strangers over the sea.
With that Homer comes from the Achaic to the
historical time of
The Life in Achaic
From digging up in
Settling took place at first in the fertile lowlands for the ground was there good to work and was able to keep enough humidity for farming. The immigrants brought with them stones for the grinding of grain and polished axes for cultivating the land, that was overgrown with wood and thicket, to fields and meadows. The first houses were rectangular or square and muted with brushwood. Little villages of no more than 20 houses, inhabited by 50 to 100 men formed the political and economical independent units. (41)
With that, they were immigrants with no connection to their country of origin. Possibly they were exiled or men who had voluntary left their country, for life there was not further tolerable for certain reasons, or groups which had before settled in areas which became flooded by the still rising sea.
In the beginning the meadows were limited to the bottoms of the valleys. But gradually the environment was changed by men to their necessities by cultivating also the surrounding mountains. The fast growing of the population, typical for Atlantian countries, was coupled with a deforestation made by men, beginning overgrazing and the than following illnesses as malaria, dysentery and hookworm disease.
(41) Ceramic was first used about 6500 B.C. In the fourth millenium the settlements became bigger and a social structuring took place and found its expression in hierarchical methods of building with a main building in the center of the settlement.
The Life of the
While the culture at the Greek mainland staid still some centuries in the described way, developed on the islands, connected with the Atlantian motherland by direct and constant exchange, for example at Crete and Thera, a remarkable level of culture.(41)
growing commerce with metals. This found its expression in gigantic, wonderful decorated palaces.
Through the economical success and intensive trade
relations with the Atlantian motherland and the East of the
The writing, today called "Linear A", is
reporting the language of the men, who had created the Minoic culture (41). For
they were men, being in intensive contact with their motherland
The after the volcanic eruption of Thera beginning political and economical success of the Achaic culture at the Greek mainland, which developed simultaneous to the decline of the Minoic culture at Crete, was a result of combination of highly developed artistic performance and metal working of high level with far-reaching commercial connections and a conduct of war, which used so modern weapons as from horses drawn chariots.(41)
This is pointing out to the fact, that the center
power of the Atlantian empire, with its high knowledge in metal working and
production of weapons, had a considerable part in this development. Also in
military sight it was evidently involved with its chariots in the conquest of
As own development the Achaeans produced an outstanding good ceramic, which one could find between 1400 and 1250 B.C. in the whole Aegean area. They had big commerce with
But the most desired imported product were certainly raw
metals, for in
So the excitement is understandable, which caused the
information about the sinking of Tharsis-Atlantis and the with that combined
cessation of supply with raw metal. The interpretation of a Linear B board,
coming from the last months before the
That attack happened and is shown in the plundering and devastation of the palaces. Probably the information about the sinking of Atlantis and with that of the power of order has given courage to robbery forces, to live up until than dammed jealousy and hate in rapacious raids. And this was the beginning of the end of the Achaean culture.
Atlantian Life and
Customs in Kanaan and
The Kanaanaeens and later their Karthagaean successors have saved, however open they were to any new, in religious things a distinct individuality, a curious archaic posture. How disconnecting and repulsive this worked to their environment, was in it a certain significance, an evidence, that in the bottom of their being were alive religious models, to which they remained fanatically faithful and for which they made until the end every effort, even the self-sacrifice.(7)
By digging up was uncovered a whole district of
Ugarit, which shows the town in the last centuries of its existence from the
15th to the 12th century B.C..This was also the time of the highest extension
of the Atlantian empire and therefore one can suppose that the architectural
The noble genders had often really royally equipped family graves under their houses. A walkway lead down to these underground rooms, which with their construction from big slabs and ashlars remember strongly to Crete-Mykenic and Iberic-Atlantian buildings of graves, for example at Antequera in Andalusia. In the 17th and 18th century B.C. they were covered with wide slabs as in the dolmen graves of the old Atlantian time of about 2500 B.C.( Cueva de Menga at Antequera). Later on they had fake vaults with a cover of big stones in new Atlantian style from the time about 1800 B.C. (Cueva de Romeral at Antequera)
The corps was, wrapped in mates and cloth, put on the
soil. The hot, dry climate of
The big quantity of the Mykenic receptacles, the building of the graves and the whole form of the cult of the dead show , that the upper class of Ugarit in the 14th and 13th century was more orientated to Crete-Achaea or better Atlantis, that means to the West, than to Mesopotamia, that means to the East.
One of the most famous finds of
All this shows, that the strong contact of the Achaean
with the Kanaanaean world was more a product of immigration of men from
That Kanaan belonged long before
This already long known fact lead to the wrong
conclusion, that the megalithic method of building in
Under all witnesses of old Phoenician culture, given
free from the soil of
At first the writing of
With that the Kanaanaeans or perhaps however the Atlantians can be taken for the inventors of the alphabetical script. One has discovered a number of steps of transition to the Phoenician alphabet in Kanaan and in the 13th century was the invention of an alphabet of 22 consonants, the vowels were not written, long accomplished (7). In this time simple working men mastered this writing, which can be seen from the scribble at the wall of the shaft of the grave of king Ahran of Byblos.
The boards of
The texts of
When the king was taken ill, this signified disaster for the whole country. From the heir of the throne is said, that he was suckled at the breast of the goddess. As from god one expects kindness and justice from the king. He protects and preserves the widows and orphans, the poor and those of broken mind. Naturally the position of power is extended to his family, sitting in the key positions of the state and holding especially the important priesthoods.
The settled population was divided into classes which were probably hereditary: In priests, warriors, tradesman and so on. A well organized administration sorted the realization of the duties for the country and the rights of the citizens. The state paid in silver or articles. The charges were paid in silver, work or articles. The military power consisted of an army with foot soldiers and warriors on chariots and the navy. The soldiers had special rights and the veterans got land and means of existence.
Just as privileged was the class of priests and had an
important role in military ventures. They should help to lead them after the
will of god, which was opened to them in dreams, oracles and signs. The kind of
war was in Atlantis as in Kanaan and
All these marks of organization of a state are also known from Egypt, what once more and additionally proves, that Atlantis, Kanaan and Egypt were equipped from the same, perhaps extraterrestrial source with the knowledge for foundation and maintenance of an at that time in duration working state. All new foundations of states, not respecting these "divine regulations", maybe by ignorance, maybe by supposed better knowledge had since that time only a short existence.
They perished, often after considerable initial
success, mostly after decades, often after centuries by through human weakness
caused inner conflicts or by at that based incompetence to fight sufficiently
against enemies from outside. This is valid for the succession states of that
Family life was in
The, in the library of
In spite of their to the man subordinated position, widows could be the sole heir. The sons had to obey to them and they could even banish them. The slaves, the commerce of which was a flowering business of the Phoenicians, were an important part of the society. They had the possibility of buying their freedom.
From depictions from
Whereas one wore in the
Customs and Form of Life in Karthago (23)
Karthago as Atlantian state of the third generation
had naturally a more heavy task as the states of the second step. The mental
and creative potential of the early Atlantians had levelled out as consequence
of the spread over the whole Mediterranaean area and the Near Orient as far as
New impulses came , owing to the for that inconvenient
position at the North coast of the cultural differently orientated and with
that for the new settlers "barbaric"
When in consequence of this art came not to a height
and staid often at imitation of Phoenician, Egyptian and Achaean examples, the
technology of building was nevertheless good.(23) One built in old Atlantian
tradition with big blocks of sandstone or limestone which were often joined
without mortar. The ceilings were formed with protruding blocks and cover of
cedarwood. For quarrying of the blocks one bored, after exhaustion of the
quarries at the peninsula, enormous tunnels into the limestone of
From digging up we know, that the political drastic
change after the big loss in the sea battles of
It can be, that facing the fact, that Karthago was founded by a woman, namely Dido, and at the other side the most dangerous enemy of Karthago, Athens, used with big success the patron goddess "Athene" as motivation of its warriors, the appearance of a goddess seemed to be more suitable, to motivate the warriors to biggest effort.
Tanit can also be taken as Karthagaean form of the Kanaanaean Anath or Astarte or the Babylonian Ishtar. She was also goddess of fertility as goddess of war and with that in both functions vital for the surviving of Karthago, being in war. Possibly the commencement of the cult of Tanit is only a return to the gods of the beginning of the Atlantian time.
Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our Culture By Karl Juergen Hepke
Or as a book in German language:
GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
by Karl Juergen Hepke
TRIGA-DER VERLAG, D 63584 Gruendau-Rothenbergen, Germany, 2nd Edition, Hardcover, 268 Pages, EUR 22,00, ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1 ,