The continuous Life of the Idea of the Atlantean Empire

by Karl Juergen Hepke

The idea of the Atlantian Empire, that means, of an empire, in which every man can live happy in peace and mutual respect after certain divine rules, in which flourishes trade and commerce and a strong state protects peace and human rights of everyone, has never left men, since it once existed, and will never do so, until it one day probably returns.

In history of mankind was tried in several foundations of empires, to reconstruct this empire of the "Golden age", but again and again failed these attempts or were of limited duration, for there were missing some basic preconditions or there was a lack of necessary knowledge. For you know, that dreams without accompanying real foundation have often only a short life.

The first attempt to reconstruct the Atlantian Empire, which was deadly wounded by the cosmic catastrophe of 1250 B.C., was made of its branches and fleet bases at the phoenician coast under leadership of the mighty town of Tyrus. Because Tyrus was after its tradition mainly a town of commerce and no political center, were respected predominantly economical aspects. The political, spiritual and cultural aspects fell behind and so there was a lack of the spirit of common interests, which ties together. Additionally was the position of Tyrus at the eastern border of the empire not good suited to keep the interests in the western part. This was soon seen and Tyrus founded, at the maximum of its power, at the year 800 B.C. the "new capital" Karthago, which was thought, to be the new center of the empire. This foundation was already made in view of the difficulties , which were expected from the neighbours of Tyrus, mainly from Assyria.

Karthagos position in the middle of the two main areas of commerce, western and eastern Mediterranean Sea, with nearly same distance to Gades and Tyrus promised successful influence to both sides, which was realized also than. Also it was less implicated into the political quarrels of the near orient. But it was an alien element at the earth of northern Africa, for the inhabitants of it had left the Atlantian Empire since long time and made its own politic, limited at little political units.

By that Karthago had no possibility to get new people from its hinterland and had a lack of young men, when the inflow of young people from Tyrus stopped. In its wars it has therefore to fall back to mercenaries. which came partly from states, with which Karthago was in war. This was not good for the moral of the troupe and karthagian strategists had often a heavy task in finding an order of the battle. in which their fighters must not fight against their own people. So Karthago failed at least by its inability. to find sufficient good warriors, after two wars, which had taken much men and material, for the third one, initiated by Rome.

The next empire , intending to be successor of the Atlantian Empire, was founded in Iran by main groups of the old empire under their leaders, the Achaemenides. It is interesting to see, that in this name is also implicated the name of the Achaeans, the greek component of the old atlantian empire, as the name of Menes, the founder of the Old Empire in Egypt. Obviously they were old atlantian nobility, best proven in history. This was soon confirmed, for the foundation of a gigantic, solid constructed and well organized empire needed not more than 50 years.

But this empire made the mistake, to follow the Phoenicians, who were surely high estimated as successors of the old empire, into their quarrels with the Greeks. Surely the Phoenicians argued, that with a victory over the Greek, it was possible to regain the control over the whole Mediterranean Sea, the old area of the Atlantian Empire. But the Persians made the mistake, like others after them, to estime the size and equipment of an army higher as its quality and moral. Besides this was a huge army in the relative small and by mountains divided Greece rather a drawback than an advantage.

So wasted the Persian Empire its energy in an enormous act of strength against a merely unimportant enemy, who was aided by his "home advantage" and favourable circumstances. Owing to the loss of the sea battle of Salamis - in spite of a big superiority of ships and warriors -failed the control of the Mediterranean Sea, which was the aim of this war. To that came a not to repair loss of prestige of the Persian forces, which led to the fact, that 100 years later the macedonian king Alexander dared to go in war against the huge Persian Empire and conquered it at least in an outrageous march of victories, what brought to him the name of "Alexander the Great" in western historigraphy.

"Alexander the Great" was with that the first of characters, who, possessed by the idea of the atlantian empire, changed the world in some years, in which some mean to recognize the magic number of twelve, but without reaching the strived empire. He was followed later on by others.

One could be inclined to call the next in history arising empire, the Roman Empire, also as successor of the atlantian empire, mainly for the fact, because it ruled at least over the traditional area of the Mediterranean Sea and includes also the old atlantian countries of Spain, France and England. Surely were some roman conquerors near to this idea and realized it for some time. But the fundamental, longer lasting idea, was an other. Romans strived for military rule by means of the occupying army and for exploitation for the benefit of the metropole Rome. They had little interest in a positiv economic development of the controlled countries and often were the by roman legions for military actions marched through countries strongly damaged and drove into ruin.

Therefore there were again and again rebellions in the controlled countries against this bad treatment and than repaid by another destroying action. the former rich and wealthy roman empire became so a poor and devastated one and at least was forbidden for the famous roman legions to enter into Italy for fear of infringement of rights by them.
So sunk down this empire by its original power, the more and more out of control getting military power, which put further weakness to the not very strong political system, which tried several forms of government, without reaching a lasting solution.

Also the next foundation of an empire was less guided by the idea of the renewal of the atlantian empire, but by a religious obsession. Namely that it was the will of God, to spread the own religion all over the world, and that even by force. This idea was not new, because also christianity had the order to do so. New was only the idea to do this by force. This idea arose in Arabia and had its roots in the strategy of the people of the desert, to raid the at its edge settled people and plunder them from time to time, to get their cultural possessions without large efforts of its own.

The prophet of this idea was Mohammed and he had such success at his people, that they and their army of riders, by virtue of this idea and some primary success, thought themselves invincible and conquered in a glorious march of victory the whole near orient until India and also the North of Africa and nearly the whole area of the old atlantian empire in Europe.

With that they had won old territories in which still lived the experience of the old atlantian empire. Also its men and their ability to build ships and trade. Also the knowledge of coasts and ways at sea was still existant and soon more and more refreshed under the relative soft and friendly to commerce and trade being new rule. Additionally offered the size of the new empire, reaching from India to Iberia and covering with that the whole area of the atlantian empire at its largest expansion, immense possibilities for the exchange of interesting merchandise.

The in Europe new settling people were with their experience in the dry climate of northern Africa and thanks to their old unbroken remaining knowledge of the right methods of cultivation masters in development of problematic landscapes, to which had come many areas of Iberia and North Africa by deforestation in atlantian times and the loss of soil at the mountains by the catastrophe of 1250 B.C. and its devastating rain. They constructed terrasses at the mountain slopes and installed extended ways for the economical transport of rare water, which are often used until now. Mainly the South of Spain, Andalucia, which was ruled by the Arabs regained in this time the level of an paradis, which it possessed in atlantian times and before the catastrophe of 1250 B.C.

The cosmopolitan and open minded attitude of the new masters, who based on their own education, was predominantly friendly to science and fine arts and supported the development of natural science, as medicine, of arts as philosophy and astrologie and fine arts as literatur and architectural design, to nominate only the most important. Universities were founded at first time on European soil and had an excellent reputation.

So one can call the muselmanic empire, which had its peak in the caliphate of Cordoba in 1000 A. C. the best real successor of the atlantian empire in the middle age, although it was not founded in that intention but by its qualities and its life of until 700 years.

It found its end through a rapacious army of would-be crusaders, consisting mainly of european adventurers, that took off one piece after the other from the rich cake, which was the in many little principalities disintegrated arabian empire in Spain in the middle of the european middle age.

That this army called themselves "christian" was at the beginning merely meant as difference against the armed forces of the moors or "Moros" as they were called. But after spending rich gifts from the first success to the pope, the raid became the approval of the church and its leader the kings of Arragon and Navarra gained at least the title of " the most christian catholic majesties" although they acted not very "christian", understood in positiv sense, and violated contracts in large quantities.

To the misfortune of America found Columbus "the western sea way to India" exactly in the year of the definite victory over the moors and discovered the country, which was at first called "Western India" and later on" America". "To the misfortune of America" , because the army of adventurers, that had until than plundered Spain, turned to the new discovered country and treated it with the same methods of robbery and destroyed ruthlessly flowering cultures with approval of the pope and the catholic church.

In the at that base new arising spanish world empire, in "which the sun never set", as said its most powerful king Karl V , after he was chosen also to the emperor of the German Empire by corruption of the german electors, one could see absolutely a successor of the atlantian empire , with its heartland Spain and the rule over sea and ocean.

But this empire stood not in the spirit of liberal trade and commerce, but was orientated to conquest and exploitation of the conquered territories and their total subjugation under christianity, rose to doctrine. With that was its idea of an empire nearer to the roman empire than to the atlantian one and had also a similar history. Religious and spiritual tolerance were totally foreign words in this empire and it was dominating in its domestic policy the spirit of inquisition and torture. That one, who got into the fangs of "justice" and inquisition and proved itself not as absolutely catholic and loyal to the state or was slandered by envious people, went into the torture chamber and following to the stake.

Spain, the former cosmopolite Atlantis, founded in that time its bad reputation in Europe, which got to know it as intolerant, arrogant, small-minded christian and unable to look further than the restricted interests of its oligarchy, captured in middle age ideas of rule.

Also its demonstration of power in Europe, financed with the gold, robbed in America, and reaching from the brutal battle for the spanish Netherlands to the conquest of pope-power by the notorious Borgias and their atrocities, contributed to the bad reputation of spanish rule in Europe and lead to its position of an outsider. So it is completely understandable, that the european spirit is resisting against the idea, to see the ideal Atlantis, the empire of the "golden age" just in the unpopular Spain.

The position of Spain as Great Power is because of this careless politic of power and the increasing loss of popularity only of short duration. In the Religion Peace of Augsburg 1555 ends the claim to power of Karl V in middle europe. The destruction of the Spanish Armada in 1588 in front of England, where the stormy weather at the southern coast of England plaid a helpful role, are than also the beginning of the end of the spanish rule over the sea.

A one sided christian policy, which culminates 1610 in the driving out of the moors, contrary to the treaty with them, weakens the spanish state also at home. After the already made expulsion of the jews it was a further loss of spiritual and artistic potential with which does not cope the state, already weakened in its quality by the emigration of the atlantian high qualified people after the catastrophe of 1250 B.C. and now again weakened by the emigration into the new conquered territories. It follows further loss of power and with the acceptance of the Netherlands in 1648 and the peace of the Pyrenees with France ends finally the position of Spain as Great Power in Europe.

This concerns nt only the political but also the spiritual and artistic area, for Spain does not contribute much in the following 300 years to the spiritual, cultural and technical development of Europe. Insisting in a nearly middle age political and economic structure ,it falls behind more and more and reaches at the end of the twentieth century, when the wish to return to Europe becomes stronger and stronger, nearly the economic, spiritual and political strength of a developing country.

The country that prepares after Spain to follow in the footsteps of the Atlantian Empire is of other kind. Already the catastrophe of 1250 B.C. had not caused so much damage as in Spain. The northern mountainous parts of Scotland were only affected by the following worsening of climate and a part of the people had to leave their country to avoid death by faim. But the heart of the country and the people remained. In the southern situated parts of the country immigrated in later history Juts, Angles and Saxons from northern Germany and later on also Normans, who former settled in the Baltic and Denmark.

The British Islands had so become a collecting pot of atlantian people, remaining or returning to the West. Because they had settled mainly at the edge of the empire, they were not strongly integrated in atlantian culture and religion. The christian church had little problems in spreading by settling in existing sanctuaries and taking the heathen holidays into its calendar. The influence of Rome was even controversial and lead at least to war with Spain, the most loyal state to Rome of the West.

Also after that there were attempts of a catholic party to strengthen the influence of Rome, but they were again and again rejected and had their end in the definitive separation of the new founded Anglican Church from Rome under Henry VIII. The remaining strongholds of catholics in Scotland and Ireland were still in conflict with the state church. So England had to find together from different parts of people and interests until it, equipped with a progressive constitution which established at first human rights , began, to play a role in politics of the world.

Because of the high level of the spiritual and entrepreneurial potential, which was here assembled, was the way to a Great Power, ruling over the sea, quite similar to that of the atlantian empire. It began with single ventures of courageous men like Drake and Raleigh, who at their own initiative, with approval of the english crown, battled against the spanish sea power and founded the first colonies and was continued by the "Merchant Adventurers" ,who founded companies for the economical development of interesting territories on earth.

The slowly into its new role growing state joins only when, because of the economical success and the wealth coming into the land, the in the meantime essential to life becoming positions were in danger. Than indeed with all necessary power and consequence. Also this behaviour remembers strongly to the history of growth of the atlantian empire.

So England grows to the sea power Nr.1 in the world and takes care for a world wide trade with its policy of military bases and its fleet, present on all oceans, as it did once the atlantian empire at the Mediterranean Sea.

Also the treatment and economical development of interesting countries follows the atlantian way. One is interested in prosperity and positiv development of the country, for only with an economical flowering country one can make good business. Warring conflicts, disturbing trade, are suppressed with all necessary power. This concept, successfully used already in the atlantian empire long times ago, proves itself now in a world wide scale, until the forward going development of the world puts an end to this policy of colonies and with that to the British Empire.

This end was not due to any faults inherent in the system, but it was evoked by the quarrels of power which imposed the european cocurrents France and Germany, who were also interested in a comparable position, to the predominating position of England.

The position of England in these quarrels is absolutely comparable to that , in which was Karthago against the for enlargement of their influence striving powers Greece and Rome. But here were , instead of a Cato and Scipio, the "Founders of an Empire" Napoleon I , Wilhelm II and Hitler who robbed with their claim of power the energy to maintain this world wide empire from the British State.

England had to request two times help from the United States of America in an european war and this was not without consequence. For in both wars decided only the intervention of the USA the war in favour of the Western Alliance. For this intervention, especially that of the second war, had to pay England.

So the world was after the war mainly formed after the ideas of the USA and the Soviet-Union, which had grown to the second Great Power by the skilled policy of Stalin and big military efforts for the conquest of Germany. But in these ideas there was no place for a British colonial empire. It was dissolved step by step and the colonies became unexpected quick independent states, which were courted by the two Great Powers in concurrence, who tried to gain their economic power. This was exploited by the new states who made a policy of balance until the zones of interest were clear.

With the foundation of the North-Atlantic-Treaty attracted the USA finally the political and military leadership of western Europe to itself and became so the actual leading successor of the atlantian empire in this area, who with skill and far reaching respect to the interests of the allied nations extended his political position and is favoured today also from some states of the former russian zone of power.

The political concept lays predominantly on the line of the former atlantian empire and one can expect and hope with continuation of the actual policy and its progressive development, that the new atlantian empire will have a long and prosperous life.

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Read to this ( at the moment only available in german language):

DIE GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
von Karl Juergen Hepke
TRIGA - DER VERLAG, 2.Aufl. 2008, Hardcover, 268 Seiten, Eur 22,00 , ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1

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